Photo 14 Oct 40 notes Chemical burns can be from either alkaline or acidic agents. Ocular chemical injuries are usually immediately painful with concurrent blepharospasm, tearing & visual impairment. Common alkaline agents incl ammonium hydroxide used in fertilizers, sodium hydroxide used for cleaning drains & pipes, and calcium hydroxide found in lime plaster & cement. Alkaline agents are both hydrophilic & lipophilic, allowing rapid penetration of cell membranes. Stromal haze with opacification is a common finding.

Chemical burns can be from either alkaline or acidic agents. Ocular chemical injuries are usually immediately painful with concurrent blepharospasm, tearing & visual impairment. Common alkaline agents incl ammonium hydroxide used in fertilizers, sodium hydroxide used for cleaning drains & pipes, and calcium hydroxide found in lime plaster & cement. Alkaline agents are both hydrophilic & lipophilic, allowing rapid penetration of cell membranes. Stromal haze with opacification is a common finding.

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